Know more about the Bone Density Test
The bones change continuously. New bone is made and old bone is broken down. And this happens faster at a younger age. Most people reach the peak bone mass around age 30.
After that, bone remodeling continues, but you lose more bone mass than you gain.
A bone density test determines if you have osteoporosis - a condition that makes the bones fragile and more likely to break. Bone density testing is used to assess the strength of the bones and the probability of fracture in people at risk for osteoporosis. The bone densitometry or bone mineral density scan (BMD) (also known as a DEXA scan), is a simple, non-invasive procedure. The test measures how many grams of calcium and other bone minerals are packed into a segment of bone. The most commonly tested bones are the spine, hip & forearm.
Simple Ways to Protect your bones
* Add adequate amounts of calcium to the diet. some sources of calcium are dairy products ( low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese ).dark green leafy vegetables, soy products, and orange juice.
* Get enough vitamin D which improves the body’s ability to absorb calcium the sources of vitamin D include fish, mushrooms, cod liver oil, orange juice, egg yolk, and sunlight.
* Regular exercise helps build strong bones and slows down bone loss. Avoid an inactive lifestyle or prolonged bed rest.
* Avoid smoking as it reduces the amount of calcium the bones absorb.
Do not take vitamin supplements without consulting a doctor.
Overloading the body with vitamin supplements may damage the liver and heart.