Gout is a type of arthritis that causes sudden burning pain, stiffness, and swelling in a joint, usually the toe. This can happen repeatedly unless gout is treated. Over time, gout can harm the joints, tendons, and other tissues. Gout always occurs suddenly, often at night.
Gout occurs when urate crystals accumulate in a joint, causing inflammation and pain. Urate crystals can form when the levels of uric acid are high in the blood. Usually, uric acid dissolves in the blood and passes through the kidneys into the urine. But sometimes the body either produces too much uric acid or the kidneys excrete too little of it, causing uric acid to build up, forming sharp, needle-like urate crystals in a joint or surrounding tissue that cause pain, inflammation and swelling, foods also promote higher levels of uric acid, such as alcoholic beverages, especially beer and drinks sweetened with fruit sugar.
Tips for prevention and cure
• Maintain a high fluid intake. Stay hydrated, drink plenty of water. Limit drinks sweetened with fruit sugar ( Fructose ).
• Limit alcoholic beverages. Too much alcohol can cause uric acid to build up.
• Limit intake of foods high in purines, such as red meat, organ meats, and seafood. Purine is a substance that is found in these foods and is broken down into uric acid
• Drink more milk and orange juice. Drinking milk helps lower uric acid levels. Studies show that the risk of gout is lower if you drink a glass of milk a day.
• Exercise regularly and lose weight. Keeping your body at a healthy weight reduces the risk of gout.
• While losing weight may decrease uric acid levels, avoid fasting or rapid weight loss, as it may temporarily raise acid levels.
If you experience sudden, intense pain in a joint, consult a doctor. Untreated gout can lead to joint damage. Seek medical care immediately if you have a fever and a joint is hot and inflamed, which can be a sign of infection.